Earth’s planet is also known as Blue Planet. It is the third planet from the Sun in the solar system. Earth is the only planet in the solar system on which life exists. Life exists on earth because of air and water.
There are mainly three layers on Earth’s planet that are Crust, Mantle, and Core. There are various layers of Earth’s atmosphere which are the Troposphere, Stratosphere, Memosphere, Thermosphere, and Exosphere.
Problems on Earth
Due to human interference in the atmosphere of Earth’s planet, various atmospheric consequences will happen. Various human activities like deforestation, construction, pollution cause atmospheric condition changes, and hazards like Tsunami and Tornado occurs.
Various pollutions of air, water, soil cause different health problems in humans like Asthma, Diarrhea, Jaundice, and various other respiratory problems. Humans pollute the Earth’s planet and pollution kills Humans.
Due to deforestation, the percentage of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases because tree consumes carbon-dioxide in the food making process (photosynthesis).
Due to deforestation, the average temperature of Earth is increasing day by day. Deforestation also causes the melting process of glaciers which also causes an average increase in Ocean level day by day. Deforestation also causes soil erosion and affects the production of crops.
Human also causes the release of Methane and Chlorofluorocarbon gas which causes ozone layer depletion due to which ultraviolet rays comes to Earth and is spreading various skin diseases including skin cancer.
Pollution spread by humans also causes the rivers to be polluted because of adding pollutants and chemicals by humans. Rivers are also polluted by adding drainage water into them.
Rivers and lakes are the main sources of fresh water for humans and animals but humans also pollute them by their activities. River water also gets contaminated when humans consume this contaminated water which causes various digestion problems and diseases like jaundice.
Due to human interference with the atmosphere and due to various human activities, various new diseases spread every 100 years, and lakhs of people died with it. In 1720, a Plague outbreak causes the death of thousands of people.
In 1820, the Cholera pandemic becomes the reason for the death of tons of people. In 1920, the Spanish flu infects about 500 million people about a quarter of the population at that time. In 2020, Covid-19 spread and infects lakhs of people, and due to this death rate increases day by day.
All the pandemic is the result of human interference with nature. If we want to avoid such pandemics, we have to improve our living style and stop interfering with nature.
Humans always have the habit to always take from nature, we rarely contribute to nature. Because of this, nature’s exploitation and hazard and pandemic occur. If we contribute to nature like planting trees, control our pollution level, stop cementing land use water wisely, and stop digging earth for various resources.
Ocean pollution is also a great problem during the current days. Plastic/polythene is dumped into the ocean causes the water to get polluted and aquatic life is greatly affected by it. Beaches are covered with polythene, it not only looks ugly but also pollutes land as well.
It is well known that plastic/polythene takes more than 500 years to decompose. Until it decomposes, it pollutes the place where it is kept. Plastic even settles at the bottom of the ocean and kills the aquatic animals with their chemicals.
Humans give birth to nuclear waste/radioactive waste. As we know that radioactive material is used in the medical field and also in the defense sector. Nuclear waste also spread various fatal diseases.
It is uncured in nature and radioactive waste takes a minimum of 1000 years to decompose. Until it decomposes, it spread radioactive toxins and rays which causes various diseases. Nowadays, this radioactive waste is dumped in the ocean in sealed containers but there may be the chances of leakage of these wastes and causes pollution and the occurrence of various fatal diseases.
Medical waste decomposition is also a big problem nowadays. Medical syringe, injection, and other waste need to be carefully decomposed. But there are chances to get infected with this type of waste if we come in direct contact with it.
This may give fatal diseases to individuals who get infected. Various virus-generated diseases, microbial diseases and Aids like diseases can be caused by this medical waste.
Industrial waste is also a major problem for pollution. Thermal power plants and other industries release gases like No2 and So2 in the atmosphere which not only pollute the air but also cause respiratory diseases in humans.
The chemical industry releases its chemical waste in rivers which gets dissolved in water and affects aquatic life. It not only kills the water animals but also causes various skin and digestive diseases in humans.
Fertilizers also cause pollution. When farmers use this fertilizer in their crop, it gets dissolved in the soil and it will make the land barren in the future if it is not used in proper quantity. Fertilizer also gets dissolved in crops and when an individual consumes that crop, individuals may suffer from various digestive diseases.